Waste management collectively refers to gathering, transporting and disposing of the garbage, sewage, and other waste materials. Doing this could be very easy at a place where the population is very less, but with the huge population, it turns out very difficult to manage waste. In a country like India with the second-highest population in the world. According to UN data, India’s 2019 population was estimated at 1.37 Billion. The country as a whole has a population density of 416 people per square Kilometer, which ranks 31st in the world. With such a huge population, India generates 62 million tonnes of waste every year, of which less than 60% is collected and around 15% processed. Managing it as a whole is a very cumbersome process but it’s required to consolidate technology in waste management so that the harmful effects of wastes like soil contamination, water contamination, causing bad effects on humans, animals, and aquatic life can be minimized.
IoT and Waste Management
Placing waste disposal bins and enabling trucks to collect the garbage and sewage, is not the only task. The trucks move from bin to bin and collect the wastes. These garbage collectors follow a specific route every day. The drivers don’t have any information about whether the garbage bin is full or partially filled or empty, they only have the task to go to the specific place and collect whatever amount of garbage present, doing this consumes a lot of fuel, time and money. But with the help of IoT, sensors can be placed in the bins and programmed in such a way that the driver gets the information about the fill level of bins and the automated route gets generated.
With the help of IoT smart bins have been developed which can separate the type of waste and thus reduce the human effort in segregating the waste, which is usually not followed manually. The smart waste bins sort the waste into four categories namely glass, paper, plastic, metal. IoT also helps the sanitation department in keeping a track of the type of waste and helps in generating better waste disposal methods thus providing better waste management system.