IoT is the internet connectivity to almost everything around us into physical devices and everyday objects these devices can communicate and interact with others over the Internet, and they can be remotely monitored and controlled. Basically, the Internet of Things is simply “A network of internet-connected objects able to collect and exchange data.” It is commonly abbreviated as IoT. The word “Internet of Things” has two main parts; the Internet being the backbone of connectivity, and Things meaning objects or devices.
Application of IoT
Smart homes – the major application of IoT is in the building of smart homes. IoT has enabled automation of almost everything inside the house, for switching off or on the lights we no longer have to go near the switchboard and turn on or off the lights, now IoT can instantly identify whether we need it or not and automatically serve us. Ventilation, heating, air conditioning, and everything are now automated. Everything with so much automation also saves a lot of money even though the initial installation may cost us more but on long term use, it will prove us cost-efficient. For example, in case we forgot to turn off the air conditioning device, then automatic detection by the smart buildings will turn it off and thus a lot of money could be saved, also the intensity of light can be controlled according to the user which will turn cost-efficient.
Wearables– traditionally wearables were used just as a device for a specific purpose. For example, watches were used just to show time, it has no other use, but with emerging internet of things many wearable devices are in the market which enables us to track our heartbeat, count our footsteps, track our location, play music for us, etc. Thus a small device could perform plenty of works.
Healthcare– the health care industry is the most important sector everywhere therefore, it is necessary that this sector should work effectively. With emerging technologies, IoT has provided real-time health care monitoring by having access to personal health data. Since doctors in India are less than required, therefore IoT is enabling healthcare reach to everyone. It is also sometimes called as smart healthcare leading to the creation of a digitized healthcare system, connecting available medical resources and healthcare services.
Transportation – every sector is directly on indirectly dependent on the transportation industry, therefore, if the transportation sector gets advanced it will automatically enhance the overall efficiency of every sector. IoT enables fleet management in the transportation industry. It includes GPS tracking, geo-fencing, customized dashboards, and real-time business decisions, etc. it also enables public transit management by automatically detecting the traffic and regulating the traffic likewise.